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## Problem when using UNC notation for master data directories

On a recent project I had to work with a remote team of designer.

The company provided me with the VPN client configuration and read/write access to a shared folder on one of their servers.

Everything went fine until I started assigning the master data directories within Eplan P8. I kept getting error messages saying that I didn’t have access to those folders. We checked with the IT team, and they assured me the rights were properly set.

It turns out that for some reason, if you use UNC notation, ie \\server\path\to\folder, then Eplan seems to want to have access rights to each folder within the path, which was not the case here. I only had access rights to the deepest directory.

The problem can be easily solved by using a mapped letter drive in Windows that is mapped to the deepest directory, and then use that drive letter in Eplan.

Enjoy.

## Stopping PLC Tracking at terminal

Eplan has a functionality called “PLC Tracking” that allows to track a signal to/from a PLC input or output.

This is used, for example, when numbering devices based on PLC data. One might use the PLC address as the Device Tag for a relay.

This functionality can be used for other purposes once we understand how it works.

On LinkedIn, one of the EPlan group members asked how to get data from the last terminal connected to another terminal without taking in-between terminals into account. A simplified version of this would be:

Image 1

Here we have a black box on the left, three terminals in between, and a final black box on the right. For the sake of this example, we assume that U1111 & X4 are within the same enclosure, that X5 is located in a field mounted junction box, and that X6 & U2222 are in a remote enclosure.

Using the PLC tracking, we can display properties from the last connected target under X4 and X6. For this we would use a Block Property Format on both X4:1 and X6:1 like so:

X4:1, Block Property Format 1: [20025,1,1<20201<20048,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,en_US,0,0,0,0,0,0>>]

X6: 1, Block Property Format 1: [20025,2,1<20201<20048,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,en_US,0,0,0,0,0,0>>]

These block properties can be described as “Start from Terminal, then take the Last function via connection point and target number (PLC), Connection point 1, Target 1, and finally take the Device tag

Image 2

Since the default display properties on terminals will display Block Property 1, then we should automatically see the result as shown in Image 1.

All good, but our LinkedIn user would like to get properties from the last terminal, not the last device. This is where we can “cheat” Eplan into doing what we need.

When looking at X4:1 properties, under “Symbol / function data”, we have the “Logic…” button:

Image 3

This button brings up the following dialog:

Image 4

We see here the “Target tracking (PLC) to” property for each connection point of the terminal. We are interested in stopping the tracking between pins 1 & 2 (pins 3&4 are used for jumpers so they are not of interest for now). To do so, simply delete the values in columns 1 & 2 as so:

Image 5

We also do the same for terminal X6:1, and we refresh the connections by clicking this toolbar button in Eplan’s main toolbar:

We should now see this:

Image 6

Notice that the tracking is now stopped at the outer most terminals and that the desired information is displayed. We could now display that Block Property on a terminal diagram report.

Enjoy

## Defeating the “Design Mode” annoyance

In Eplan P8 we have what is called the “Design Mode”. It is useful to copy or move objects relative to a specific point of origin. In order to understand why this mode can be useful, let’s examine what “Normal Mode” is.

When Design Mode is not enabled, any copy or move command will be made relative to the insertion point of the selected component. In some cases this might not be what we want. For example, a Black Box will be copied relative to its insertion point, which is normally in the upper left corner. But what if we want to copy a black box and align it with the center of another Black Box like this:

In this case the Design Mode, along with the Object Snap option will come in handy.

The annoying part about Design Mode is that if you forget to turn it off, and then try to do a Normal Mode copy and paste operation, you will paste the last component selected in Design Mode instead of the one you just selected, and that’s simply because Eplan is still waiting for you the define the “handle” of the copy operation when you are in fact trying to paste. In other words, it didn’t get a chance to complete the copy operation, so it still has the before last object in the clipboard. You will notice this text in the STatus Bar at the bottom of the Graphical Editor:

In any case, even seasoned Eplan user get bitten by this once in a while, so I decided to write this little script that defines two actions. One is the Normal Mode copy, and the other is the Design Mode copy. Both will work in the desired mode regardless of the current Design Mode state.

Here’s the script:

/* Copyright (c) 2013 STLM Inc.   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */   public class STLMCopy { //Add the two actions as menu points under Utilities [DeclareMenu()] public void CopyNormalMenu() { Eplan.EplApi.Gui.Menu oMenu = new Eplan.EplApi.Gui.Menu(); oMenu.AddMenuItem("Copy (Normal Mode)", "NormalCopyAction"); oMenu.AddMenuItem("Copy (Design Mode)", "DesignCopyAction"); }   //Declare the action to force copy in normal mode [DeclareAction("NormalCopyAction")] public void NormalCopyAction() { bool toggled = false;   if (DesignModeState) { ToggleDesignMode(); toggled = true; }   Copy();   if (toggled) ToggleDesignMode(); }   //Declare the action to force copy in design mode [DeclareAction("DesignCopyAction")] public void DesignCopyAction() { bool toggled = false;   if (!DesignModeState) { ToggleDesignMode(); toggled = true; }   Copy();   if (toggled) ToggleDesignMode(); }   //Helper functions and properties   private bool DesignModeState { get { return new Eplan.EplApi.Base.Settings().GetBoolSetting("USER.GedViewer.ConstructionMode", 0); } }   private void ToggleDesignMode() { Eplan.EplApi.ApplicationFramework.ActionManager mgr = new Eplan.EplApi.ApplicationFramework.ActionManager();   Eplan.EplApi.ApplicationFramework.Action act = mgr.FindAction("XGedActionToggleConstructionMode"); if (act != null) { Eplan.EplApi.ApplicationFramework.ActionCallingContext ictx = new Eplan.EplApi.ApplicationFramework.ActionCallingContext(); act.Execute(ictx); } }   private void Copy() { Eplan.EplApi.ApplicationFramework.ActionManager mgr = new Eplan.EplApi.ApplicationFramework.ActionManager();   Eplan.EplApi.ApplicationFramework.Action act = mgr.FindAction("XGedStartInteractionAction"); if(act != null) { Eplan.EplApi.ApplicationFramework.ActionCallingContext CopyCtx = new Eplan.EplApi.ApplicationFramework.ActionCallingContext(); CopyCtx.AddParameter("Name", "XMIaClipboardCopy"); act.Execute(CopyCtx); } }   }

Once loaded this script will create two new entries under the Utilities menu. Optionally you could assign shortcut keys to the new Actions, or even assign them to custom toolbar buttons.

To use it, make sure you select the objects you want to copy first (this is because of a weird issue in Eplan), and select the desired Action, either Normal Mode Copy or Design Mode Copy.

The script will always revert the Design Mode to the state it was prior to calling the script.

Enjoy !

## Refreshing the GED after changing project setting

In some cases, changing a project setting from API will seem to have no effect at all. For example, if you change the default plot frame setting for a project, you will not see the change reflected in the graphical editor (GED).

There is a very simple fix for that. All you have to do is raise the PageManagement.ProjectSettings.Changed event from your API.

Here’s a snippet show how to do this:

//Refresh the GED EventParameterString oEventParamString = new EventParameterString(); oEventParamString.String = ""; int result = new EventManager() .Send("PageManagement.ProjectSettings.Changed", oEventParamString);

Please note: this is an undocumented event, and as such could change in the future.

Enjoy

## From AutoCAD to Eplan P8

I was recently involved in a fair sized project conversion (200+ pages) from AutoCAD to EPlan P8. I was helping this customer on their very first Eplan project which would eventually become their “template” for future machines.

What struck me, once again, is that most people coming from AutoCAD tend to concentrate on the graphical aspects of their documents, while giving less consideration to the logical aspects of it. Having worked with AutoCAD for many years myself, I definitely understand why it is so. AutoCAD is a very good drafting software, but when it comes to expressing electrical schematics, it falls flat for anything but the most trivial project. The lack of specialized tools in AutoCAD makes it so that drafters will leave out details that would guide the panel builders in their job, only to shift that responsibility on those same panel builders. One good example of this is leaving out the terminals from the schematics because “our guys on the shop floor know where to put them as needed”.

Not only does this shift responsibility to the wrong place, but it raises the labor cost when errors are discovered and panel builders/shop workers lack the knowledge to correct them. We then assist to a merry-go-round between shop floor, drafters and engineers, and a simple one hour thing ends up eating up a man-day of labor.

This is definitely a mistake when working with EPlan, which is more of a design tool than a drafting tool. In EPlan, as you create your electrical schematics, you’re not only laying out graphical elements on the page, you’re actually building a “model” of you machine’s controls. The analogy I always give at my trainings is that of using AutoCAD vs. 3D modeling software for mechanical design. In the old days of 2D drafting, modifications to one drawing often involved many manual updates on several other drawings to reflect all the views of the object. Countless errors came from forgotten updates, and many manufactured parts had to be scrapped because of this.

With the advent of 3D modeling software such as Inventor or SolidWorks, you concentrate on modeling the actual part, and you generate views as needed. Any needed changes are done on the model itself, and views are regenerated, making sure that nothing is forgotten. This brings consistency and quality to the design. Shop workers are free to do their jobs instead of wasting time trying to understand discrepancies between drawings.

When applied to the electrical engineering field, modeling your controls is a definite advantage over “dumb” graphical entities. Once the model is completed, you can project “views” in the form of reports that give you all the needed documents for you production team. For example, you can extract a bill of material, a list of wires, terminal diagrams and so on. You know that these generated documents will be consistent and error free as long as you maintain your model error free.

One typical source of errors in electrical schematics is the manual handling of cross-references. For example, a relay coil will typically be represented on one page, and its contacts on different pages. Trying to maintain this information manually is tedious and error prone. The same goes for interruption points that transmit your power rails between pages. This automated cross-referencing in EPlan alone is well worth the cost of the software !

Another benefit of modeling your controls is that it forces the designer to actually think about what he’s doing as opposed to a drafter who’s content with executing the red-lining given to him by the engineers. This is most apparent in the routing of your circuits within your electrical enclosures.

Let’s give an example of this. Here’s a typical AutoCAD way of representing schematics:

This is an IEC style schematic where we see some relays, a door mounted pilot light, and a field mounted pilot light. The problem with this representation is that it gives absolutely no clue to the panel builder about the routing of the wires. If we were to follow the circuit naively, we would go from relay K2 to relay K3, to the door, then to the field, and finally back to the enclosure to relay K4. This would of course be a very inefficient way of wiring this circuit because we’d have to bring two wires to the pilot light in the door, and two wires to the one in the field.

This is where the knowledge of how to build the machine is shifted from the engineering department to the production floor. We rely on the experience of a few individuals within the company who have informal knowledge of how to wire your machines. If they should ever retire or leave the company, or even if you were to outsource your production, you’d be hard pressed to come up with this knowledge.

On the other hand, here’s the same schematics reworked in EPlan:

First we notice that components have been reordered to better express the real routing of the wires. Obviously, we want to daisy chain the neutral on those relays before going out to the door and field. Also, we show the actual terminals to connect external components. Finally, we notice the use of T-Nodes instead of points to better express the routing.

From such a model of the circuit, we could easily generate a list of wires with their respective source and destination, and the panel builder team would simply have to blindly follow it.

So in the end, when converting AutoCAD schematics to EPlan, it’s not only a matter of making sure that the graphical aspect of the wiring is done, but there is also a lot of thought that must be given to the logical aspects. This will of course involve spending more time in the design phase, but what I’ve seen is that this time consistently pays for itself down the line.

If you need someone to convert your AutoCAD schematics to EPlan, don’t hesitate to contact us for expert consulting on how to best achieve this.

## API to set arrow at graphical line’s end

In Eplan P8, in order to add an arrowhead at the end of a graphical line, you have to first bring up the property dialog, set a checkbox, then click the OK button. I find this annoying and time consuming.

I have tried to find a way to set the “Arrow at line end” property from a toolbar button, but so far I haven’t found how.

As always when I can’t find an out-of-the-box solution, I resort to API Add-In programming.

This one is quite simple and the code should be self-explanatory. the code can be found on my public GitHub reporsitory.

## Some issue with accessory parts in EPlan P8

Today I was on site at my customer’s place, and I was having problems when trying to place a certain part on a 2D panel layout page. No matter what settings I was using before placing the part, Eplan would always ask me for the parts dimensions. I double checked all the parts data in Parts Management, and everything was there: dimensions and also the graphical macro to use for 2D layouts. Funny as hell.

After some investigating, I found that the source of the problem was that the part in question had been assigned as an accessory part (an auxiliary contact block) to my main part (a contactor). In itself this should not be causing a problem, but then I noticed that in the parts management dialog, when looking at the accessory list for the contactor part, the “Variant” field was empty beside the auxiliary part number.

After filling in the missing field, things started to work as expected again. Maybe someone deleted the variant field, or maybe the data was messed up some other way we don’t know.

Have a look at this video for a demo of the issue.

## Ressigning cables when using PlaceHolders in Eplan P8

I was recently working on a project for a customer when I found an issue with the way Eplan P8 handles cables within PlaceHolder objects.

PlaceHolders are a nice feature of Eplan P8 that allow you to quickly change properties on a group of components in one simple operation. For example, if you want to provide part numbers for the components of a motor starter (ie the motor, the protection device, the cable(s), terminals etc), then using a PlaceHolder will allow you to switch all the parts at once with predetermined sets of values. Here’s an example:

In the above screenshot, we can identify the overload/overcurrent protection device, the cable and the motor. We can also notice the PlaceHolder object which is represented as an anchor symbol.

For regular devices, assigning a new part number through the PlaceHolder will automatically update the connection designations of the component and other peroperties such as technical characteristics. In our motor starter example, the motor leads could be identified with T1, T2, T3 for the 1HP motor, but they could be identified as U, V, W for the 10 HP motor. The assignment of a new part number will take care of renaming your connection designations in your schematics automatically, which saves a lot of typing and prevents errors.

Unfortunately, when it comes to cables, Eplan seems to lack the functionality to reassign the cable’s conductor data back to each individual conductors automatically. This includes wire cross-section and color/number. This can lead to problems down the road, as can be seen on this screen shot of the cables navigator after switching from the 1HP motor to the 2 HP motor and using a different cable part number:

Showing mismatched data on a cable

In the above screenshot, we can see that the data from the part (represented as purple triangles) doesn’t match the data from the cable in the schematic (represented as blue cubes). The reason is simply that after assigning a new value set with the PlaceHolder, a different part number was assigned to the cable, and the conductor properties of the newly assigned cable part were different than the ones already in my schematic. In my case, the conductor cross-section was different, but you’d also get this situation if the color/number scheme of the conductors was different.

I’ve uploaded a short video on Youtube to better demonstrate the issue.

In such a simple case, one can easily remedy this situation by selecting the cable and going to the “Project Data > Cables > Assign Conductors > Reassign All” menu, which will cause the proper data to be transferred from the cable part to the schematic. When only one cable is involved, one could decide to manually update it after assigning a new value set, but one could easily forget this step. Also, if many cables are changed from a single PlaceHolder object, it can quickly become tedious to have to manually reassign the conductor data manually.

As always, I saw an opportunity for a custom Eplan P8 Add-In. In this case, since we have to navigate the data model of our project, we will need to use the API instead of a script.

The source code can be found on my public GitHub repository. Please view the README file for details about the code itself.
Basically, this Add-In will implement an Event Handler that will respond to the “onActionEnd.String.XMPlaceHolderAssignRecordAction” event. This event will be fired after the PlaceHolder completes assignment of all its properties, thus giving us a good hook to call our “reassign all” action automatically.

I’m releasing this API Add-In’s code as Open Source, so feel free to use/copy/modify as you wish. Of course, including my name as the original author would be welcome.

## T-Nodes: some help in sight

A good friend of mine who works at the Canadian branch of Eplan sent me this nice document explaining T-Nodes in the context of Eplan P8, and he asked me to “spread the love”, so I’m making it available for all here.